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DISCUSSION

The Cydonia I Complex (Figure 12) at a one to one scale fits incredibly well within the Wallkill River valley (Figure 16). On the 1:250,000 scale map it becomes clear that the monuments of this complex form a pattern that mimics the terrain and topography exceptionally well. When one highlights the trends of hills and ridges within the valley (in red), it becomes apparent that they fall just outside the Cydonia II Complex in a manner that emphasizes design rather than coincidence. The Wallkill River runs from the City II through the Face II up to the Crater II, while the D&M Pyramid II and Tholus II fall at critical angles in the mountain trend to the south and east of the valley (Figure 16). Consistent with the theory that Cydonia II came first because it fits so well in the valley, the City II and D&M Pyramid II are aligned on an axis that intersects the southern bulge (High Point State Park) in the Kittatinny Mountain range, while the Tholus II and Crater II are aligned on an axis that intersects the northern bulge (Minnewaska State Park) in the Shawangunk Mountain range, which is the northern continuation of the Kittatinny Mountain range. At the end of that line in Minnewaska State Park is an unusual body of water called Lake Awosting, and other small, cold water spring-fed lakes occur at the very top of that mountain range. And to complete the symmetrical fit, the Face II is located opposite the midway point on the elongate ridge or neck that connects the Shawangunk and Kittatinny mountain ranges, and it is opposite a gorge at Otisville that divides the ridge.

The Wallkill is the only major river in the area that runs north for its entire length before emptying into the Hudson River at Kingston, NY, just 24 miles south of where John Anthony West lives. From that aspect the entire valley resembles the Nile valley in Egypt with its north-running river. The area surrounding the granite plateau containing Mt. Adam and Mt. Eve is underlain mostly by black shales and greywackes (siltstone), but just to the north of Mt. Eve is a stretch of land underlain by gray limestone, adding another resemblance to Egypt. This land was reclaimed from the sea long ago by tectonic movement. And it is the western side of the valley that rises up to form the Giza plateau, just as the Kittatinny and Shawangunk mountain ranges rise in majesty to the west of Cydonia II. Ironically, two names relating to Egypt in the Wallkill River valley stand out: Osiris and Goshen. Osiris appears as the name of a lake just north of Walden, NY, and just east of the Wall kill River. Around this strange horseshoe-shaped lake, Lake Osiris, is the Lake Osiris Colony and golf course. Further south towards Middletown, NY, there is the town and area called Goshen, the place where the Face II is located. Goshen was an area on the Nile delta where the ancient Israelites lived while in Egypt: "When pharaoh calls you, and say, 'What is your occupation? you shall say, 'Your servants have been keepers of cattle from our youth even until now, both we and our fathers,' in order that you may dwell in the land of Goshen; for every shepherd is an abomination to the Egyptians." (Ge 47:33-34). But here the resemblance to Egypt and the Nile ends, because the Cydonia II Complex lies at the southernmost end of the Wallkill River in a position relative to the 3rd, 4th, and 5th cataracts along the Nile, well south of most Egyptian ruins. Nevertheless, the similarities make me wonder if the Nile area was chosen in part for its resemblance to the Wallkill River valley after that valley had became covered in ice.

The unusual number of "appropriate" cultural names given to towns and features in the valley almost beg for some sort of unconscious explanation, such as a dim and out-of-focus awareness by the early settlers of the importance this valley had in pre-recorded history. The names Mt. Adam, Mt. Eve, Eden, Edenville, Snake Mountain, Snake Hill, Brimstone Mountain, Little Britain next to the Tholus II, Echo Lake next to the Face II, and Warwick next to the five-sided D&M Pyramid II base may be nothing more than quaint coincidences. But even as such they add a mystery of their own to the history of this valley.

The overall shape of the valley in the area of the monument complex is similar to that of a cradle. I doubt that the resemblance was intentionally created, but could this valley represent the cradle of our civilization or species? Hoagland (1992) speculates that the Face I on Mars may represent an image of a hybrid cross between our simian ancestor and a lion as embodied in the Egyptian Sphinx, and that feline genes were used to create some of our unique traits (Hoagland, pers. comm. 1994). The right side of Face I also reminds me of an owl with beak (See Hoagland, 1992: Fig. 39). The owl is another important Egyptian icon, the hieroglyphic symbol for the letter and sound M. The owl and lion symbols or effigies are consistently used in ancient motifs, as with the goddess Lilith from ancient Sumer.

What is the probability of finding such a perfect fit for so many anomalous Martian features over a 200 square mile area on Earth? Can this fit be mere coincidence? Can traces of all the preserved structures in the Cydonia II Complex be a trick of erosion? I won't release NASA yet for having called the Face I on Mars a trick of light and shadow (McDaniel, 1993), which in hind sight may be the blunder of the millennium. Are my suggestions for the meaning of the Face, Mt. Adam, Mt. Eve, and the Key merely wishful thinking or fantasy? I think not! Are we dealing with monuments to our own genetic engineering from primates by an extraterrestrial race of "gods" and "goddesses" (Sitchin, 1996)? Is genetic engineering one of the messages being given to us by Abductees?

In the Time-Life book Sumer: Cities of Eden (Flaherty, 1993), there is an illustrated terra-cotta effigy of a nursing mother from pre-Sumer strata (presumably from below the eight-foot-thick "flood" deposit). It shows a remarkable resemblance to a female Draconian (our name for them) or Targzissian. Compare it with a drawing of a Targzissian UFO pilot made from memory by abductee Riley Martin (Martin and Wann, 1995). The Targ symbol is a winged lizard or dragon. Their ships tend to be shaped like boomerangs or flying wings (Martin and Wann, 1995). Ships of that shape are commonly sighted in the Hudson valley region (Hynek et al., 1987; Crystall, 1991). Martin never saw that terra-cotta effigy, but the facial and body characteristics of the male pilot can all be recognized on the female, including the parallel forehead ridges, shape of the head with cone like skull apex, and bulbous shoulders. I have included copies of these illustrations at the end of this report. I doubt that any anthropologist or archaeologist trained at a Western university would suspect that an ancient idol of a humanoid being with lizard or snakelike head is anything but myth and imagination. But could it be the real image of the Sumerian goddess Inanna with child? After a worldwide catastrophe were most Sumerian and Babylonian images of the gods given human countenances, except in Egypt? Is the Egyptian tradition based on something remembered or intentionally preserved in symbolic form? The Targzissians I am told by my ET contacts are a very ancient race of beings who date back over a billion years. Shades of the Shadows on the television series Babylon 5!

What might such a lizard or serpent-like face have to do with the ancient worship of serpents or the Brotherhood of the Serpent? The copper staff of Moses was an effigy of a snake or serpent (Sitchin, 1996). The medical Caduceus or staff of Hermes, possibly a later symbol for the Brotherhood (Bramley, 1990), dates back at least to ancient Greece and Ophiuchus, Keeper of the Serpent (Wood, 1986). Another astronomical name for this constellation is Aesculapius, the Greek God of Medicine, and it lies between Scorpius and Sagittarius in an area rich in nebulae. It is sometimes called the 13th or hidden sign of the Zodiac (Wood, 1986), and represents the esoteric or invisible world. The serpent was used as the Sumerian symbol for the god Enki, who Sitchin (1996) says was an extraterrestrial genetic engineer. The snake was typically used as a symbol for water in ancient civilizations across the Atlantic ocean (Churchward, 1968), and Enki was known as E.A. ("He Whose Abode is Water). Kon Tiki Veracocha, the white bearded savior who came to the Andes to restore civilization after the Flood, was also known by a water symbol - the serpent, and as the "Foam of the Sea" (Hancock, 1995). And then there is the white bearded serpent known as Quetzalcoatl, who resurrected civilization for meso-Americans after the Flood.

The entwined "rope" symbol is the Egyptian hieroglyph for the letter and sound H, and according to Churchward (1968) had its origins in a much older Mu civilization or Motherland. Could it also have been a symbol for the spirit bound inside the body, the human condition? In his book Churchward illustrates an example of the entwined "rope" glyph on one of two stelle from Guerraro, Mexico. It is part of an inscription about the legend of Quetzalcoatl, a message about birth, death, and resurrection through the Great Serpent, the feathered or flying serpent, which is also symbolized by the dragon (symbol of the Targzissians or Draconians). The entwined serpents of the Caduceus may have been inspired by similar more ancient symbols, language, and meaning, and could have been chosen as a way to combine the concept of (symbol for) a water birth (serpent) with the concept of spirit bondage or re-incarnation (entwined "rope") with the (winged) hieratic symbol or letter T, which stands for resurrection and emersion (from water). That last symbol in its basic form (T for Tau) is embodied in the meanings attached to the Christian Cross. But could the Caduceus also be an intentionally disguised but forgotten representation of the double helix DNA and an example of ancient scientific knowledge passed down to us through altered myth? Duality (spirit vs. body; good vs. evil) is what the serpent meant to the ancient Egyptians (West, 1993). Early Christians, in order to separate themselves from the Egyptian religion, corrupted the serpent into a symbol of bondage, deception, and evil in an attempt to break the cycle of birth, death, and re-incarnation (symbolized by the snake biting its tail: Wood, 1986: 24). It is the excision of re-incarnation from Christian doctrine that distinguishes Salvation (one Final trip to heaven) from Resurrection (return to a human body), and is the basis for their belief that by dying on the Cross Jesus broke the cycle for all those who accept his divinity. His resurrection, not his death, was his sacrifice.

Because the spatial layout of Cydonia II fits so well with the geology and geography of the valley, it is tempting to speculate that these monuments were first created here on Earth, then copied on Mars. The Martian complex is distributed over a large mostly flat terrain compared to Earth, although many natural features in the Cydonia region are enormous by Earth standards. In other words, planetary engineers would have less trouble laying out a duplicate complex of monuments on Mars than they would on Earth. I see major problems trying to make a pattern originating independently on Mars fit the Wallkill River valley while keeping the latitudes of Craters I and II the same. The Crater II may not have been created originally as a crater-like feature, but as a symbol of the Earth with a tetrahedron on the rim. Could it represent the location of the geographic pole at that time? Crater I on Mars could have been created by a projectile to simulate the circle on Earth, which would go a long way to explain its fresh-looking irregular splash apron of low velocity ejecta, on which the Cliff I was subsequently constructed. But Mars has to be an afterthought created to preserve those monuments according to a plan: That future generations of humans, once they had achieved the ability to explore their own solar system, would find them and have a template for recognizing and finding their counterparts on Earth. Isn't that what has happened? Even so, I needed a little guidance and inspiration from the ETs to recognize these features in the valley after they had been so severely damaged and nearly destroyed by glaciation and erosion!

The latitude of the center of the Crater II in the Wallkill River valley is 41 degrees, 36 minutes, 30 seconds; the latitude of the center of the Crater at Cydonia on Mars is 41 degrees, 35 minutes, 34 seconds (based on Erjavec's map in Fig. 14 on which latitude lines are only approximately located). When I laid out and connected all the topographic maps for the region, every feature lined up with each other as they do on Mars. But when the orientation of the central axis for the Cydonia complexes is compared relative to latitude through the center of Craters I and II, the axes are off by 36.5 degrees. The central axis was measured from the center of the Crater to midway between the tops of the D&M Pyramid (or where it is projected) and the main six-sided pyramid in the City. The axis for Mars is 32.6 degrees, while the axis for Earth is 69.1 degrees, indicating a rotation at the Crater of Cydonia II 36.5 degrees further south from where it was originally oriented if Mars represents the unaltered orientation. For the Crater centers to be coincident their location must be true. They are similar (within measuring error), as theorized here, only because Cydonia I was intended to match the latitude on Earth. That latitude has no relationship to where Cydonia II may have been located on the globe prior to crustal displacement. This also means that Cydonia I had to have been created after rotation on Earth ceased so that the latitudes of both crater-like features would be nearly the same today, taking into consideration the offsetting effects of continental drift! We may have been left a clue by the same people (e.g. the Elohim, Yahweh, Viracocha, Quetzalcoatl, the Olmecs, and the Shemsu Hor - 'Followers of Horus') who jump-started our civilizations more than 6,000 years ago for determining how much crustal displacement occurred during the Great Catastrophe and/or Flood near the end of the Wisconsin Ice Age 12,500 years ago. That would mean Cydonia I was built during or just after the last Ice Age, and is much younger than Cydonia II. Cydonia I may have been constructed during the same time interval the three Giza pyramids and Sphinx of Egypt, Tiahuanaco and Machu Picchu of South America, the Nazca lines of Peru, and Teotihuacan of Central America were constructed, while the Face II was reshaped after glacial damage, explaining the four-sided pyramid of shale workings next to it.

It is unlikely that the pyramid-like object next to the Face II is a kame, since kames are composed of stratified drift and usually contain abundant sand and gravel. Even though they form irregular or conical mounds of various sizes which could be mistaken for a pyramid, kames and eskers are usually confined to thick accumulations of drift, and have not been reported from areas where a cover of unconsolidated material is absent (Cox, 1976; Corliss, 1980), as is the case adjacent to the Face II. Naturally occurring sand pyramids are usually three-sided (Baker, 1928; Corliss, 1980), not four-sided (Figure 15).

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